Blockchain Technology and Why It Is Here to Stay

Beginner guide to blockchain

Blockchain can be described as an incorruptible digital ledger or record of transactions programmed to record financial transactions as well as everything of value. The brainchild behind this technology is bitcoin founder Satoshi Nakamoto. Blockchain, however, goes beyond bitcoin or any cryptocurrency for that matter. Blockchain technology has become transformational because of the mere fact that it allows digital information to be distributed as opposed to being copied. Cryptocurrencies are not the only invention using blockchain today which makes it important to understand the basics of the technology. Like the internet, you just need to understand the basics of blockchain to use it/see its value.

Let’s get started.

Blockchain as a distributed database

Blockchain technology works like a distributed database which regularly updates itself, i.e., like a spreadsheet which duplicates itself multiple times across a network and updates itself frequently. Google docs is a great example of blockchain technology where you can update a document you have shared with many people simultaneously. The blockchain database isn’t stored in one location which simply means that records are truly public and easy to verify. Information held on the database is shared and continuously reconciled which offers obvious benefits. For instance, there is no specific center of information that can be corrupt or hacked. The data is also accessible to everyone online.

Before Google docs, people used to send word documents or spreadsheets to one another via mail to make revisions. The problem with this scenario is the back and forth transferring of documents as well as the difficulty in tracking changes. Blockchain has solved this problem introducing two major benefits. First and foremost, blockchain can’t be controlled by one single person or entity. Blockchain also eliminates risks associated with having a single point of failure since blocks of information are identical across the network. Blockchain robustness has been tested and proven. Since the invention of Bitcoin back in 2009, the Bitcoin blockchain has remained operational without any significant disruption.

Blockchain technology properties:

Transparent and incorruptible

The blockchain network has been built to check itself every ten minutes automatically. The network conducts a self-audit reconciling all transactions happening in 10-minute intervals. Every group of transactions occurring in this interval is known as a block. This makes blockchain unmatched in regards to transparency since data is embedded as a whole in the network and it is public. Also, data can’t be corrupted. In theory, the blockchain network can be corrupt by overriding the entire network using a high amount of computing power. In practice, this is impossible. Attempting to take control of a blockchain system such as the Bitcoin blockchain would destroy the value of Bitcoins removing any incentive for such an undertaking. Blockchain technology has solved fundamental problems like manipulation. Fiat currencies are subject to manipulation from central banks and governments. Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies which utilise blockchain can’t be manipulated by individuals or entities. This is what makes cryptocurrencies so attractive. Many people today have little trust in large corporations and entities because they have betrayed people’s trust in the past.


Blockchain is decentralised by design. Whatever happens in a blockchain network is a function of the entire network. Blockchain creates a new way of verifying transactions which could render transactional aspects of conventional commerce unnecessary. Stock market trades could soon be in blockchain making them available to all. Blockchain could also be implemented in public record keeping such as land registries. Decentralisation has become a reality and blockchain leading the way.

Enhanced security

By storing data in multiple locations, blockchain has eliminated risks associated with holding data centrally. Blockchain networks don’t have centralised vulnerable points which computer hackers can target. Since internet security is a huge problem today, the world is expected to turn to blockchain technology for solutions. We already have usernames and passwords for protecting our identity as well as assets online. Blockchain uses encryption technology. In cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, for instance, users have public keys which are randomly generated numbers acting as user addresses on the blockchain. You also need a private key which works like a password to get access and send Bitcoins. Blockchain technology utilises private keys to offer access/use of digital assets. However, the private key must be kept safe preferably offline for safekeeping.

Other advantages of blockchain technology

Besides enhancing security and enhancing transparency, blockchain is also cheaper compared to traditional accounting systems. The technology has eliminated the need for middlemen such as banks resulting in lower fees in the case of cryptocurrencies. Blockchain has also reduced transaction time as well as transactional errors. In a nutshell, blockchain technology may be relatively new and complex; however, the technology is here to stay and be applied on all areas that require decentralisation and related benefits.

Christmas Fashion Tips on a Budget

It’s that period of the year when you need to celebrate and look great. However, there is this misconception that staying fashionable is costly. Far from it! You don’t have to buy the latest designer clothes and shoes this Christmas to look and feel great. A £200 designer skirt can look the same as a £20 skirt minus the tag with a few tweaks. You should focus on value for money as opposed to brand names if you are keen on staying fashionable on a budget.

Here are some affordable creative holiday fashion tips to consider.

1. Take advantage of festive season offers

This is a great shopping tip to consider anytime let alone during festivities. There is, however, an abundance of offers during Christmas compared to any other time of the year. For this reason, you shouldn’t settle for regular prices especially when you are buying clothes, shoes and fashion accessories. You can save as much as 50% or more by taking time to find the best fashion offers around you.

2. Avoid expensive department stores

You should also consider shopping in thrift, resale or consignment shops for great fashion at unbelievable low prices. This tip applies if you don’t mind second-hand fashion. Expensive department stores have almost the same kind of fashion. The main difference is the price. The quality is usually the same. Also, you are bound to get a more fulfilling shopping experience since you will be ”digging” for treasure.

3. Consider tailored fashion

You can turn cheap clothes into great outfits by getting everything tailored. A £20 skirt can look better than a £200 skirt after quick stitching. Most cheap clothes look great provided they fit perfectly so, it will be worth taking them to a tailor before you wear. It’s also worth noting that simpler garments/clothes are easier and more affordable to tailor.

4. Consider DIY fashion

You can also apply your creativity to create your own fashion pieces. This holiday fashion tip is great when you have time and a creative flair. There are very many DIY instructional fashion videos online to draw inspiration from. It is possible to make great and unique fashionable outfits from scratch at a very low cost. You can make anything really from trendy t-shirts to pants and accessories like caps, hats and beanies. You can also make fashionable upgrades with simple tweaks like replacing buttons. Consider replacing plastic buttons on cheap fashion with something richer like metal, pearl or bone. You can shop for buttons online on eBay. You can also ”harvest” buttons from old clothes. Simple tweaks can upgrade cheap clothes into fashion statements without costing you anything.

5. Stick to basics

Consider this Christmas fashion tip when you are in doubts. It’s usually cheaper and better to update basic looks than try completely new pieces you aren’t sure about. Avoid new trends. They tend to be pricey and may fail to stand the test of time. Instead, stick to the basics. Spice up winter white, black and nude pieces with the new accessories. You can pair a black blazer with black pumps and big drip down earrings when wearing nude. You can play around with complementary colors and still look great with basic fashion. You can invest in a few staples if you have multiple holiday events to attend (many reasons to dress up). It is easy and affordable to change your look when you have timeless fashion pieces like a little black dress that goes with everything. You’ll just need to add different accessories or change hairstyles to get a completely different look.

6. Shop online

The internet is the best place to get deals today. The internet also offers better avenues for comparison ensuring you get the best price possible. You can visit comparison sites as well as use coupon codes to get great discounts. Before you buy anything from any online store, check if the store is offering coupon codes. It is also important to buy directly. The internet also has middlemen so make sure you are buying from the main retailer or authorized dealers. It is possible to look great this festive season without spending much. Fashion is usually expensive when bought on impulse. Take your time and find great offers. Stick to the internet for the best deals and consider being your own fashion designer. You can also tweak old pieces to get a completely new and trendy look and when in doubts, stick to the basics. You can never go wrong with classic/timeless fashion pieces and neutral colors. Avoid borrowing to stay fashionable. Short term loans like payday loans should be used for emergency needs only.

Festive Season ”Side Hustle” Ideas to Help You Avoid Short Term Loans

If you’re keen on enjoying this festive season without taking short term loans in January, we have some useful side hustle ideas for you below. We’re all guilty of overspending during the festive season. It is very challenging trying to stay on budget during festivities. You have two main options. One, you can agree to overspend or look for ways to make more money this Christmas. There are many ways to make some extra cash today. Here are some great ideas to consider.

1. Become an Uber driver

Anyone can earn money driving thanks to Uber. This tip is great if you already have a car and wouldn’t mind making some extra cash driving during your free time. Driving for Uber is a great side hustle today because you don’t need much to get started. You just need to meet some simple prequalifications i.e. driver/car tests/inspections. Visit for more prequalification requirements. Furthermore, you can maintain your own schedule and benefit from Uber’s extensive network of clients globally. What’s more interesting is the fact that there are many similar opportunities. Uber isn’t the only taxi app in the UK. You can also become a taxify driver.

2. Become a freelancer

You can turn to the internet for freelancing jobs. The internet is packed with freelance opportunities in all niches. You just need to choose a niche and get started. It’s also important to choose a freelancing opportunity that is in line with your interests, passion or job description. Freelancing websites like freelancer, Fiverr and Upwork have many opportunities for people who would love to do web design, writing, internet marketing, programming, translation, etc. It doesn’t cost you anything to become an online freelancer. Simply visit a freelancing website and register to get started. All you need is a computer and internet access. You can earn hundreds of pounds in a short time which is more than enough money to cater for overspending during festivities.

3. Sell items online

You can also consider selling items online on websites like eBay. Instead of taking a short term loan this Christmas, you can sell old items like household appliances, furniture, collectibles among many other things to make some extra money. You can focus on things you don’t need to de-clutter your home as well as make some money in the process. If you are serious, you can sell items online professionally and turn it into a real business. eBay has over 18 million registered buyers in the UK today offering a ready market. You just need to familiarize yourself with the selling requirements and basics to get started For instance, you need high quality photos and interesting descriptions to sell fast on eBay.

4. Rent a spare room on Airbnb

You can also earn some quick cash renting a spare room in your home this festive season. This side hustle idea is great given the number of people willing to get affordable accommodation during the festive season. You could even consider getting affordable accommodation on Airbnb as opposed to paying for an expensive hotel this Christmas. Airbnb has revolutionised the accommodations industry globally by connecting people with spare rooms/space with those looking for such spaces. Airbnb pays for guest check-ins within a day and does thorough checks so you don’t have to worry about security risks. You can visit the official Airbnb site in UK for more information:

5. Create and sell an online course

You can also leverage on the skills you already have to make some extra money this festive season. There are great online course platforms like Teachable and Udemy you can use to create a course in line with your profession. Your income will vary depending on the complexity of the course so it’s important to choose a subject you have mastered. Many people are looking online for courses as opposed to attending traditional classes so this idea has a lot of potential.

6. Manage social media presence for small businesses

Last but not least, you can become a social media manager for small businesses around you. This idea is perfect if you are already proficient in social media and you have some time to spare. Businesses have seen the power of social media marketing so it shouldn’t be a problem identifying those small businesses which need such services around you and convincing the owners to hire you.

In summary, there are multiple ways to make some extra cash today. You just need to be innovative and ready to try. There’s no reason why you should take a short term loan this festive season when you can try out some of the ideas discussed above.

Christmas Gifting Tips 2017

It’s that time of the year again. Christmas is several days away which means plenty of time with family, that well-deserved holiday and gifts of course. Gifting is fun, however it can be a costly affair if you don’t makes some considerations. It can also be daunting trying to figure out what you should get your loved ones. If you are clueless this time around on where you should start, what you should do/buy, here are some holiday gifting tips to consider.

1. Gift by observation – This Christmas gifting tip comes in handy when you don’t know what you should get your loved ones but you want something meaningful. You can get a lot of hints by observing your loved ones interests, what they are saying, current situation in life etc. For instance, household goods are great gifts for someone who just moved into a new house. This tip is powerful because it makes you understand the circumstances of the person you plan to gift. Considering people don’t usually ask for what they want or know what they really need, you are in a position to discover what would make them happy or what would make their lives easier.

2. Consider experiences over tangible gifts – Most people give their loved ones tangible gifts for Christmas. You can consider gifting an experience instead if you can’t think of a gift you haven’t given. For instance, you can pay for an experience they haven’t experienced like skydiving or deep-sea diving. Experiences are more memorable than tangible gifts because they last forever. Clothes and shoes will become old and forgotten. Experiences will last a lifetime especially when they are being experienced for the first time. Your kid will remember their first horse race forever but may have a hard time remembering their 11th horse race.

3. Consider DIY gifts – This tip is handy when you don’t want to spend too much and you want to offer a very personal/unique gift. DIY gifts are simply gifts you can make yourself. It could be anything really from artwork to a scarf. You can even write/perform a song/poem. DIY gifts are great because you include a bit of yourself. DIY gift ideas are also limitless. You can fuse your interests and those of your loved one together to come up with a gift they will cherish.

4. Check wish lists/social media – You can also use technology to get gift ideas for your loved one. If you are still finding it hard selecting a gift for your loved one, check their wish list on online stores like Amazon. This tip applies mostly if you share a computer or you can get access to their online store accounts. You may have to be a bit innovative to implement this tip i.e., do some stalking, check social media posts for clues. They will be surprised and delighted you bought them precisely what they wanted. Checking wish lists is a great way to gift someone exactly what they want without asking them and ruining the surprise.

5. Gift for a cause – This tip is great if you are planning to gift a minimalist, someone who seems to have ”everything” or someone who appears to desire nothing. We all have that one family member or friend who never seems to be impressed by gifts. You can consider a gift that touches on their interests i.e. a cause or charity they care about. You can check their line of work or hobbies for ideas. It would be great gifting them and giving back at the same time.

6. Ask – Sometimes you just need to ask to know the kind of gift you should buy. You can do so indirectly so it’s not too obvious. You can also ask outright if you are gifting someone who is a bit choosy. Some people don’t mind being asked what kinds of gifts they want. If you are dealing with such a person, ask by all means so that you can get them something they will cherish. In a nutshell, meaningful gifts are the best kinds of gifts.

As long as you follow the above tips, you shouldn’t have a problem gifting your loved ones this coming holiday. You don’t have to settle for typical gifts, waste precious time or spend a fortune in the process. Observe, think outside the box, make your own gifts, look for clues on social media and ask if you have to.

Bitcoin Sets a New High £14,262 ($19,000). Is It Too Late to Buy?

Bitcoin has set a new high, again. One Bitcoin will set you back £14,262 or $19,000 as of 16th December 2017 representing a 7% price increase in a day. This puts the total market capitalization of Bitcoin at £238 billion ($318 billion). Cryptocurrencies are now controlling over £420 billion according to the latest statistics. Following the latest statistics, Bitcoins Year to Date return is approximately 20 times.

Bitcoin which is the world’s most popular and valuable cryptocurrency has increased in value by over 30% in the past seven days alone. Back in 2009 when the cryptocurrency was created, one Bitcoin cost less than a pound which leads us to a critical question; is it too late to buy Bitcoin? Is the current run sustainable? We’ve gone through the trouble of doing some in-depth research and compiling options from leaders in the cryptocurrency space.

Here’s what you need to know.

Insider sentiments – According to Early Investing Co-founder and cryptocurrency expert Adam Sharp, Bitcoin and cryptocurrencies as a whole are yet to reach their full potential. Snapchat’s first investor Jeremy Liew also shares similar sentiments. Liew has even been on record stating that the price of one Bitcoin could reach $500,000 realistically in a recent interview with Business Insider. Liew and Sharp attribute their views to Bitcoin’s surge in global adoption.

Bitcoin is officially a global currency with Asian countries leading the way on adoption. The latest statistics show that Asian countries like Japan and South Korea account for 75% of Bitcoin’s trading volume currently. This is clear given most Bitcoin buys are taking place using the Korean Won and Japanese Yen. Bitcoin is also growing in popularity in emerging countries and troubled economies. Bitcoin is preferred over traditional currency because it is impossible to manipulate. The currency isn’t controlled by entities like central banks and governments which can print more money or introduce fiscal and monetary policies resulting in inflation or deflation.

Bitcoin and cryptocurrencies in extension solve a fundamental problem that has affected regular currency for decades. This is among the underlying reasons why experts like Adam Sharp feel the currency hasn’t scratched the surface yet. However, it is important to understand that Bitcoin and cryptocurrencies, in general, have shortfalls such as volatility. For instance, Bitcoin has registered more than a 10% drop in a single day in the past. Cryptocurrencies are at the mercy of news to a larger extent when compared to traditional currency. This can result in significant losses when you buy cryptocurrencies for speculative purposes. This simply means that the current rally could stop and reverse at any moment. The rally could also continue upwards given fiat currencies are still the most widely used form of currency today. According to Adam Sharp, Bitcoin offers a great opportunity in the future. However, new and alternative coins (altcoins) offer greater opportunities.

Are altcoins a better alternative?

Instead of focusing on Bitcoin, Sharp sees greater opportunities investing in altcoins or IPOs for new coins (Initial Coin Offers or ICOs). The creator of Bitcoin opened up the cryptocurrencies code allowing the creation of other coins. Currently, there are 1300+ cryptocurrencies today some of which are better than Bitcoin is some ways. Ripple, for instance, has a higher potential (in terms of settling global transactions). This is according to its developers. Some cryptocurrencies are also offering faster transaction times than Bitcoin making them preferable means of payment. Although Bitcoin already has an outright advantage (it enjoys approximately 50% of the entire cryptocurrency market share), new, cheaper coins promise higher gains. According to Sharp, investors stand to gain the best returns by participating in initial coin offers. With ICOs, investors don’t need to invest as much to enjoy unmatched returns. Sharp believes there are better returns buying into new cryptocurrencies just before they are launched or immediately after. There are however shortfalls to ICOs since cryptocurrencies are being launched every day most of which aren’t great. Furthermore, it is a new and challenging experience trying to figure out if a new cryptocurrency is worth it. ICO investors focus on the people behind the cryptocurrency as well as what is different about the new cryptocurrency. Unlike participating in IPOs for stocks, there is very little to work with when analysing ICOs. Nevertheless, investing in the right ICO offer enormous returns given the low initial price of such offers. In a nutshell, there’s nothing wrong with buying Bitcoin now, even later as many cryptocurrency experts have predicted the price of one Bitcoin may reach and surpass $500,000. However, you stand to enjoy higher returns buying newer cheaper and more promising coins.

Consumer County Court Judgments (CCJs) rise by 24% in 2017

CCJs against consumers in the UK have risen drastically according to the latest statistics by Registry Trust. In the third quarter of 2017, 313,719 consumer county court judgments were registered in England and Wales representing a 24% increase compared to the same period last year.


What are CCJs?County court judgments are court orders in the UK (England, Wales & Northern Ireland) that are registered against individuals who fail to repay money they owe. ValueThe total value of Q3 2017 consumer county court judgments stands at £467,861,240 representing an 11% increase compared to the same period last year. The average value of a consumer CCJ has however dropped by 10% to £1,472. At its peak, in 2009, the value of a consumer CCJ was at £3,680. The value has been dropping ever since. The number of consumer high court judgments issued are however higher.

In Q3 2017 for instance, 45 judgments were issued against 17 during the same period last year. Collectively, the value of county and high court judgments is slightly lower (by 3.7%) compared to the same period last year. The value stands at £471,960,510 compared to £489,987,967 last year. The latest statistics show that the number of CCJs is increasing for the fifth consecutive year.


The new data suggests more people are struggling financially. A closer look at the decreasing value of a CCJ shows that people are having problems settling smaller loans now more than ever. Considering there is an increase in the number of judgments and a decline in their value, this can only mean that people are having a hard time repaying small or short term loans. According to Malcolm Hurlston, Registry Trust Chairman, the trend can also mean borrowers with plenty of commitments are being detected early in the lending cycle. Hurlston believes responsible lending practices are a leading cause of rising CCJ numbers. Impact of a CCJ to a consumerConsumers with a CCJ have a harder time accessing loans such as mortgages from mainstream providers. It gets harder for consumers with more than one CCJ. However, there are still lenders such as ”sub-prime” lenders who are catering to borrowers with CCJs.

How CCJs work

Receiving a CCJ claim: CCJ claims come in the form of a letter. If you happen to receive a claim, it is advisable to consult a debt advice service. CCJ claims come after creditors have sent default notices or warning letters. According to the Consumer Credit Act, a creditor must inform you of pending payments and the consequences of defaulting before they launch a CCJ claim. The Consumer Credit Act gives borrowers 14 days to act before a CCJ claim is launched. Individuals who have CCJs receive a letter or notice alongside a default information sheet.

Responding to a CCJ claim: It is advisable to solicit professional advice immediately preferably from a debt advice service the moment you receive a claim letter or notice. Seeking professional help is essential because it helps you avoid making a costly mistake. For instance, the court can consider your circumstances when deciding your fate (such as how you should pay the debt if you handle the claim correctly from the onset.)Ignoring the notice or letter only compounds your problems. For instance, the court can rule that you repay the debt at once which can be impossible leading to more problems. It’s worth noting that you can get free debt advice services, so you have no reason to mishandle a CCJ claim. You have 14 days to respond/reply to a CCJ claim. Simply fill in the reply form and send. The form requires personal information such as income and expenditures to show the court your current financial standing. When replying, you can admit the claim or agree that you owe money. In such an instance, you need to reply as described above. You can also file a defence if you don’t agree with the information in the claim, i.e., if the amount you owe is wrong. You need professional advice when filling a defence.

Lastly, you can reply to a CCJ claim by asking for more time. This option should be taken if you need more than 14 days to file a defence. This option acts as an acknowledgment that you have received a CCJ claim. Receiving the judgmentAfter responding to a CCJ claim, the court can issue two types of judgments. One, a judgment by installments which simply allows you to repay the debt in installments over a specified period of time. This type of judgment is highly likely if you agree to a claim and make a repayment offer in your reply. If you choose to ignore a CCJ claim, the court is most likely to issue a judgment forthwith requiring you to settle the debt immediately. You are free to request for a redetermination if you are not happy with the judgment. If you fail to adhere to the terms of the final judgment, i.e., you don’t pay up as instructed, the creditor can go back to court and request for a; changing order, attachment of earnings order or bailiff action order. A bailiff action order gives the creditor permission to visit your business or home to collect their debt or seize property/goods that can be sold to settle the debt. An attachment of earnings order gives the creditor the power to have their debt extracted from your wages. A charging order gives the creditor power to secure the debt against your property.

Can CCJs affect a person’s credit record? You must repay in full within a month (30 days) after receiving the judgment or risk having your credit record damaged for six years.

UK Payday Loan Lenders Offering Customers up To £1,000 for Referrals

Payday loan companies like BrightHouse and Amigo Loans among many others are in the spotlight for offering their customers monetary incentives for recommendations. As the rules and regulations surrounding marketing payday loans tighten, some payday loan companies in the UK are resulting to using what many may consider to be unethical marketing practices.

The latest consumer watchdog reports show that some payday loan companies are offering their customers up to £1,000 if they successfully convince their friends and family members to take high-interest loans. Lenders such as BrightHouse are on the spot for offering £220 to customers who introduce their family members and friends successfully. Consumer watchdogs have termed this incentive ”cynical”. Amigo customers are earning up to £1,000 for making their friends and family members take out £10,000 loans which attract a 50% annual interest rate. BrightHouse which is a popular rent-to-own retailer is offering £220 to customers who convince their friends to take out loans attracting interest rates up to 99.9%.

There are many other lenders guilty of this seemingly unethical practice. Doorstep lender Provident is also paying its customers £30 for referral loans amounting to £100 or more at 535% interest. Loan At Home hasn’t been left behind. The lender is offering £20 or more to customers who promote loans attracting a 433% interest. What’s interesting is; the lenders see nothing wrong with their incentives. When contacted, Loan At Home claims they are happy to offer a ”small” reward to customers who promote them. BrightHouse claims its actions are common among retailers. Amigo is on record insisting their marketing strategy targets a small percentage of loans. Consumer watchdogs are of a contrary opinion. According to Marc Gander, a Consumer Action Group Administrator and Adviser, ”the schemes are bound to attract many people.” Martyn James from shares similar sentiments. James sees serious ethics concerns about the payday loan marketing schemes. His sentiments have been repeated by many other consumer watchdogs as well as individuals who are concerned about increasing debt levels in the UK. According to the latest Bank of England statistics, UK households have accumulated unsecured debt amounting to £204billion.

When should you take out a payday loan?

The recent developments have brought into question the circumstances that warrant taking a loan. Although unethical, these schemes may very well be legal exposing many vulnerable borrowers to debt problems. So, how should you protect yourself? The first most important step is understanding when you are supposed to take out a payday loan or any other loan. Never take a loan just because it is available. You need a better reason! For instance, payday loans should be taken by people who have emergency cash needs. If your car has broken down mid-month and you don’t have money for repairs, you can take out a payday loan. Payday loans can also cater for emergency medical expenses among other unexpected monthly expenses as you wait for your salary. If you don’t have any pressing emergency cash need, don’t take out a loan even if it is available to you instantly.

Short term loans spanning for a few months to one year should be taken for reasons such as starting a business. There is a general rule that states you should never use loans to acquire liabilities. A car is a liability if you don’t use it to earn you money. Clothes, shoes, electronics, and furniture are also liabilities in this regard because they don’t earn you any money and they lose value with time. It’s also important to take out loans from responsible lenders only. Responsible short term loan lenders in the UK don’t use unethical loan promotional techniques to lure innocent borrowers into debt. They care about their customers as much as they care about profits.

Reputable payday loan lenders in the UK are registered by the FCA. You can search the FCA’s register ( to ascertain the firm you are dealing with is authorised. Furthermore, authorised firms don’t charge exorbitant fees. It is worth noting the FCA has regulated payday loans tightly in the UK due to past incidences of borrower exploitation. The regulator is in the process of extending its reach to other types of loans. Before there is adequate regulation on all types of loans available in the UK, it is important for borrowers to seek loans for the right reasons and stick to borrowing from reputable lenders and brokers like SwiftMoney.

The FCA Has Published Its Future Approach to Consumers

Back in April 2017, the FCA launched its mission and committed to publishing documents explaining its approach to regulation in-depth. The ”FCA Mission: Our Future Approach to Consumers” is the first of a series of documents explaining the FCA’s approach in more detail.

The FCA mission explained how/why the FCA prioritises, protects and intervenes in financial markets. Its publication was a milestone in the FCA’s efforts to be more transparent about its role and accountability while discharging its mandate. The regulators ”Approach to Customers” is the first of a series of documents. This particular publication explains the FCA’s approach to regulating for customers.

Background FCA Mission:

it’s important to note that the FCA exists to serve the public’s interest as far as financial services are concerned. The regulator does this through regulation. The UK parliament has given the FCA one strategic objective which is; ensuring financial markets function well. The FCA also has three operational objectives. The first one is to secure the relevant protection to consumers of financial services. The FCA is also charged with the responsibility of protecting as well as enhancing integrity in the UK financial system. Lastly, the FCA must ensure fair competition (consumer interests must be protected).

The FCA’s wish list in regards to consumers:

The FCA focuses on seeing financial markets where;

1. There are adequate high-quality financial products and services which meet the needs of consumers.

2. Consumers can buy financial products and services which are sold in a manner that is clear and fair (not misleading).

3. The needs of vulnerable consumers are considered. How was the approach was developed?

Before looking at the core ideas that informed the FCA’s approach to consumers, it’s important to understand how the approach was developed. The FCA’s approach to consumers considered the diverse characteristics of consumers and the external environment where firms and consumers operate. The approach explored vast research as well as the real experiences of 12,865 persons in the regulator’s Financial Lives Survey published on 18th October 2017. Core ideasThe FCA’s approach to consumers is based on the following core ideas;

1. Firm/consumer responsibility – According to the FCA, firms must treat their customers fairly. Financial services firms must provide products and services that customers need. Those products and services must also be marketed and sold in a manner that allows customers to make informed decisions. The FCA acknowledges the fact that some customers may not be able to make the best decisions when choosing products/services. Firms must exercise extreme caution where customers stand to be vulnerable. They should not exploit vulnerable customers in any way. However, the FCA also expects customers to assume reasonable responsibility for decisions made when buying financial products/services.

2. Regulation for vulnerable consumers – The FCA sees a need to have special regulation for vulnerable consumers i.e., consumers who are seriously ill or in financial distress. The FCA expects firms to pay special attention to the signs/indicators of customer vulnerability and have policies to deal with such customers. Firms must ensure vulnerable consumers are protected and helped.

3. Keeping up with changing environments – The FCA acknowledges that changes like new technologies have an impact on how firms and consumers make decisions. As a result, the FCA makes regulation while factoring in consumer needs based on changing circumstances while also ensuring adequate certainty to firms. The regulator uses Data Sciences and behavioural economics to ensure regulation approaches are great today and in the future.

4. Access and Inclusion – The FCA acknowledges the fact that some consumers are unintentionally excluded from enjoying some financial products/services because of their circumstances or specific characteristics. As a result, the regulator seeks to develop strategies for tackling access and inclusion problems. The FCA is working with financial services firms among other industry stakeholders to ensure there is fair access and inclusion. The regulator is also looking at its own rules currently and making efforts to ensure industry players interpret its rules correctly.

5. Delivering better outcomes for consumers – The FCA has a variety of tools it deploys to diagnose as well as remedy all types of ”harm” to guarantee better outcomes for all kinds of consumers. The regulator uses all types of interventions from harder to more prescriptive interventions such as issuing formal communication to imposing new rules. The FCA also uses its convening powers to bring all stakeholders together if need be when there is need to solve issues without formal regulatory intervention. According to Andrew Bailey, the C.E.O. of the FCA, the regulator’s mission is to act in situations where the greatest public value is added.

The FCA’s approach to consumers focuses on how the regulator can offer better consumer outcomes via interventions. The approach also highlights the regulator’s stance in tackling consumer problems. According to Bailey, the regulator will work with the Government and industry stakeholders among other players to address complex consumer issues such as financial exclusion and vulnerability. This is precisely why the regulator has opened consultation on its approach document. The consultation closes on 5th February 2018 after which a final approach will be published.